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Published: December 30, 2022 | Modified: February 6, 2023

What is SEO? Understanding SEO for beginners

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When a user searches for a particular term or phrase, search engines like Google use algorithms to evaluate and rank the relevance of websites based on various factors, such as the content, keywords, and backlinks of the website. The higher a website ranks in the SERPs, the more likely it is to be seen and clicked on by users.

The basic guide of SEO
The basic guide of SEO

In this article, we will cover the basics of SEO and discuss some of the key techniques and strategies that can be used to optimize a website. We will also provide tips and best practices for implementing SEO successfully, as well as resources for learning more about the topic. By the end of this article, you should have a solid understanding of the fundamentals of SEO and be well on your way to optimizing your own website for success. So, let’s get started!

What is SEO?

Search engine optimization (SEO) is the process of optimizing a website in order to improve its ranking in search engine results pages (SERPs). When a user searches for a particular term or phrase, search engines like Google use algorithms to evaluate and rank the relevance of websites based on various factors, such as the content, keywords, and backlinks of the website. The higher a website ranks in the SERPs, the more likely it is to be seen and clicked on by users.

How Search Engines Work?

Search engines like Google use algorithms to evaluate and rank the relevance of websites in the search engine results pages (SERPs). These algorithms take into account a wide range of factors when ranking websites, including the content, keywords, and backlinks of the website.

When a user searches for a particular term or phrase, the search engine looks in its index (a database of all the webpages that have been discovered and indexed by the search engine) to find relevant webpages to display in the search results. The search engine uses its algorithms to evaluate the relevance of each webpage and rank them based on their quality and relevance to the user’s search query.

Website crawlability from Google Bot
Website crawlability from Google Bot

Website Crawability

Google crawlability refers to the ability of Google’s web crawlers (also known as spiders or bots) to access and index the pages of a website. When a webpage is crawlable, it means that Google’s crawlers can discover and follow the links on the page to other pages and add them to the search engine’s index. This is important because if a webpage is not crawlable, it will not be included in the search engine’s index and will not be displayed in the search results when a user searches for relevant keywords.

There are a number of factors that can affect the crawlability of a website, including technical issues such as broken links, slow loading times, and problems with the website’s structure. It is important to ensure that your website is crawlable in order to improve its ranking in the search engine results pages (SERPs) and drive more traffic to your site.

To improve the crawlability of your website, you can:

  1. Use a sitemap: A sitemap is a file that lists all the pages on your website and helps search engines discover and index them more easily.
  2. Use clear and descriptive URLs: URLs that are easy to understand and include relevant keywords can help improve the crawlability of your website.
  3. Use descriptive and accurate titles and headings: Titles and headings should accurately reflect the content of a webpage and include relevant keywords.
  4. Avoid using flash or other technologies that are not easily crawlable by search engines.

Essential SEO terminology

  1. Search engine results pages (SERPs): These are the pages that display the search results when a user searches for a particular term or phrase using a search engine like Google.
  2. Keywords: These are the words or phrases that people use when searching for products, services, or information online. Identifying and targeting the right keywords is an essential part of SEO, as it helps to ensure that your website is seen by users who are searching for the products or services that you offer.
  3. On-page optimization: This refers to the process of optimizing the content and structure of a website in order to make it more search engine friendly. This can include optimizing titles, headings, and meta tags, as well as ensuring that the website’s content is relevant, informative, and well-written.
  4. Off-page optimization: This refers to the process of building high-quality backlinks from other reputable websites to your own. Backlinks can help improve a website’s ranking in the SERPs by signaling to search engines that the website is trustworthy and authoritative.
  5. Meta tags: These are tags that are placed in the HTML code of a webpage and provide information about the page’s content. Meta tags can include the page’s title, description, and keywords, and are used by search engines to understand the content of the page and how it should be ranked in the SERPs.
  6. Crawler: A crawler is a program used by search engines to discover and index new webpages. When a crawler visits a website, it follows the links on the site to other pages and adds them to the search engine’s index.
  7. Index: The index is a database of all the webpages that have been discovered and indexed by a search engine. When a user searches for a particular term or phrase, the search engine looks in its index to find relevant webpages to display in the search results.

The basics of ranking factors

There are many different factors that contribute to a website’s ranking in the SERPs, and the specific techniques used to optimize a website can vary depending on the goals of the website and the target audience. Some common techniques used in SEO include:

Onsite optimization
Onsite optimization

On-page optimization

This involves optimizing the content and structure of a website to make it more search engine friendly. This can include optimizing titles, headings, and meta tags, as well as ensuring that the website’s content is relevant, informative, and well-written. Here are some key elements of on-page optimization that you should be aware of:

  1. Title tags: The title tag is a HTML element that specifies the title of a webpage. Title tags should be unique and descriptive, and should include the primary keywords for the page.
  2. Headings: Headings are used to structure the content of a webpage and make it easier for users to understand. Headings should be descriptive and should include relevant keywords.
  3. Meta tags: Meta tags are tags that are placed in the HTML code of a webpage and provide information about the page’s content. Meta tags can include the page’s title, description, and keywords, and are used by search engines to understand the content of the page and how it should be ranked in the SERPs.
  4. Content: The content of a webpage should be relevant, informative, and well-written. It should include the primary keywords for the page and be structured using headings and subheadings to make it easier for users to read.
  5. Images and videos: Including high-quality images and videos on a webpage can help improve its user experience, core web vitals, and engagement. It is important to optimize the file names and alt tags of images and videos to include relevant keywords.

Off-page optimization

This involves building high-quality backlinks from other reputable websites to your own. Backlinks can help improve a website’s ranking in the SERPs by signaling to search engines that the website is trustworthy and authoritative.

Keyword research

This involves identifying the keywords and phrases that people are using to search for the products or services that your website offers. By including these keywords in your website’s content and meta tags, you can help improve its ranking in the SERPs.

Google Search Console Preview
Google Search Console Preview

Technical SEO

This involves optimizing the technical aspects of a website to make it more easily crawlable and indexable by search engines. This can include optimizing website speed and core web vitals, improving the website’s mobile-friendliness, and ensuring that it is properly indexed by search engines.

In order to effectively implement SEO strategies in 2023, it will be important to stay up-to-date on the latest trends and best practices in the industry. This may involve regularly reviewing and analyzing your website’s performance, testing different techniques and strategies, and tracking your progress over time. It may also be helpful to seek out resources and guidance from SEO professional services in order to stay ahead of the curve and optimize your website for success.

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